As part of her PhD, Renate Nantschev analysed whether nursing routine data can be used for outcome analysis. Her results show that at least in Austria, only part of the nursing process is documented in standardized form which makes secondary use of this data challenging. 

The paper is available open access: Nantschev R, Ammenwerth E. Challenges using electronic nursing routine data for outcome analyses A mixed methods study. International Journal of Nursing Sciences (2021). DOI: